Legal and ethical issues with surrogacy Essay - Paper Example Legal and ethical issues with surrogacy Essay In vitro fertilization IV harvests the eggs from the female that is incapable of conception - Legal and ethical issues with surrogacy Essay introduction.
Poland[ edit ] Surrogacy is mostly unregulated in Poland. Discussions on the adoption of this law lasted more than 3 years.
The first version of the law was adopted May 13,but the president vetoed it. He demanded that the law contained rights and obligations of all participants in the process of surrogacy.
As a result, the text of the law has been updated, and now surrogacy is legalized and regulated by law in Portugal. The basic rules of the law on surrogacy in Portugal Use the surrogacy services can only those couples, where the woman can not carry and give birth to a child for medical reasons.
This should be documentally confirmed. The written agreement must be necessarily issued between the surrogate mother and the genetic parents. The rights and obligations of the parties as well as their actions in cases of force majeure should be included in it.
After the birth, parental rights over the child belong to the genetic parents.
Traditional surrogacy is illegal in Portugal except for some situations that give the right for a surrogate mother to be genetic for example, if the future adoptive mother is completely barren. Adoption of the law caused some debate within several Portuguese Christian Churches, though not among the once dominant Roman Catholic Church.
Heterosexual and Lesbian Couples can become parents via surrogacy in Portugal as by all the risks of the program are provided and regulated by law for example, the occurrence of developmental defects of the baby, miscarriage or abortion.
Male Homosexual couples and single men and women of any sexual orientation have not yet been included, but they are not addressed specifically by the law which leaves an opening for a future revision in a more encompassing way.
One such revision is on the current manifestos of several parties: The Communist Party P. Most of the Socialist Party voted favourably, as well. By now, this means that gay couples are banned from altruistic surrogacy within Portugal and since the Constitution of Portugal explicitly bans discrimination on the basis of sexual orientationthis could be unconstitutional, which is being discussed by the Portuguese Constitutional Court.
Meanwhile, the Russian Orthodox Church has officially condemned surrogacy. Registration of children born through surrogacy is regulated by the Family Code of Russia art.
Apart from that consent, no adoption nor court decision is required. There is no requirement for the child to be genetically related to at least one of the commissioning parents. A court decision may be needed in that case.
On 5 August a St. After that a few more identical decisions concerning single men who became fathers through surrogacy were issued by different courts in Russia, listing men as the only parents of their surrogate children and confirming that prospective single parents, regardless of their sex or sexual orientation, can exercise their right to parenthood through surrogacy in Russia.
Liberal legislation makes Russia attractive for "reproductive tourists" looking for techniques not available in their countries. Intended parents go there for oocyte donation because of advanced age or marital status single women and single men and when surrogacy is considered.
Foreigners have the same rights for assisted reproduction as Russian citizens.The Case of Commercial Surrogacy - Surrogacy is a scientific alternative of the natural capability of women to procreate. It has turned into an appealing substitute for new couples because of adoption troubles, fertility issues, or high pregnancy risks.
Discussed below is the history of surrogacy, the ethical and legal dilemmas that surround surrogacy, alternative solutions to surrogacy, and the potential effects and future implications of how surrogacy may be addressed.
Discussed below is the history of surrogacy, the ethical and legal dilemmas that surround surrogacy, alternative solutions to surrogacy, and the potential effects .
An HSC legal studies essay on family law detailing how the law responds to changing societal values around the subject of family in Australia. Includes extensive legislation, case studies, and media articles. SURROGACY essay. Home \ Free Essay Sample Papers \ It should be noted that the ethical and legal issues of the institute of surrogacy are highly debatable.
Its opponents have focused on the immoral, from their point of view, aspects.
Psychological and ethical issues of surrogacy. This essay has been submitted by a law student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Surrogacy. The word surrogate, is derived from Latin word subrÅgare (means to substitute), or appointed to act in the place of.