Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.
Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association APA.
For more information on the APA format, see http: Basics Your list of works cited should begin at the end of the paper on a new page with the centered title, References. Only the initials of the first and middle names are given. For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works cited, except for May, June, and July.
Use either the day-month-year style 22 July or the month-day-year style July 22, and be consistent. With the month-day-year style, be sure to add a comma after the year unless another punctuation mark goes there. When reports were written on typewriters, the names of publications were underlined because most typewriters had no way to print italics.
If you write a bibliography by hand, you should still underline the names of publications. But, if you use a computer, then publication names should be in italics as they are below.
Always check with your instructor regarding their preference of using italics or underlining. Our examples use italics. Capitalization, Abbreviation, and Punctuation The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle.
The exceptions to this rule would be periodical titles and proper names in a title which should still be capitalized.
The periodical title is run in title case, and is followed by the volume number which, with the title, is also italicized.
If there are more than six authors, list only the first one and use et al. Place the date of publication in parentheses immediately after the name of the author.
Place a period after the closing parenthesis. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works within longer works. Format Examples Books Format: Vanishing wildlife of North America. A history of the heroes of the imagination.
A practical guide for creating tables. Facts on File, Inc. Title of Encyclopedia Volume, pages. In The new encyclopedia britannica Vol. Periodical title, volume number issue number if availableinclusive pages.
Do not enclose the title in quotation marks. Put a period after the title.
If a periodical includes a volume number, italicize it and then give the page range in regular type without "pp. Unlike other periodicals, p. Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, California town counts town to big quake.
USA Today, 9, p.In order to gather all of the information necessary to draft a bibliography, you should keep a list of EVERY book, website, magazine or periodical that you read in preparation for your paper. Eventually, this list will comprise your bibliography.
Creating an annotated bibliography in APA style. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th edition (APA Manual) is kept behind the IRC Desk on the Ground Floor.
This example is based on the APA style guide, but your . The type of bibliography you create will depend largely on the type of citation or writing style that you are following. For examples purposes, we will explore APA vs MLA.
The two are similar in many ways, but there are some major differences as well. The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, so you should capitalize only the first word of a title and subtitle.
The exceptions to this rule would be periodical titles and proper names in a title which should still be capitalized. The APA guidelines call for the bibliography to be called the Reference List. Science Buddies has summarized some of the most common APA formats for your use: APA Format Examples.
Your teacher will probably tell you which set of guidelines to use. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most frequently used within the social sciences, in order to cite various sources.
This APA Citation Guide, revised according to the 6th edition of the APA manual, provides the .