In this article I intend to discuss the views of some who believe that government is a good thing, and their arguments for supporting this position.
Definition, Nature and Theory Article shared by: Power and authority are perhaps the most vital aspects of all organisations in general and political organisations in particular. Power is related to taking of decisions and for the implementation of those decisions.
No organisation, whatever may its nature be, can do its duty or achieve objectives without power. Robert Dahl in many of his works has defined power and analysed its various aspects. In his A Preface to Democratic Theory Dahl calls power a type of relationship in respect of capability and control.
Take a very simple example. There are two men—A and B. If A possesses the capability to control B then it will be assumed that A has the power.
So power involves a successful attempt to do something which he could not do otherwise. In any society there are diverse interests and all are alike. When there are conflicts among them one interest proceeds to dominate over the other and the interest which prevails upon the other the former may be called powerful interest.
Karl Deutsch says that power means the ability to be involved in conflict, to resolve it and to remove the obstacles. Though Deutsch defines the concept in the background of international politics, its relevance to national politics is, however, undeniable.
In domestic politics or pluralistic societies there are many competing groups and all struggle to capture power or to influence.
The group which succeeds finally will be called powerful. Raphael Problems of Political Philosophy has analysed power from various aspects. He believes that generally power means the ability. Raphael is of opinion that the English word power is derived from these two words and naturally power may be used to mean ability and hence his definition of power is specific kind of ability.
Let us quote him: Some political scientists want to mean that there is a special type of power which may be designated as political power.
For example, Alan Ball feels that power may generally be used in political sense.
Leslie Lipson The Great Issues of Politics thinks that power is nothing but the ability to achieve results through concerted action. Thus, power means the capacity to make decisions binding and ability to discharge responsibilities and perform certain functions.
From the definitions of power noted above we can get certain features and the first such feature is it is used in relational sense.
When there is only one actor or element the issue of power does not arise. It is because power implies ability to influence or control others or to get things done by others. Naturally power relates to the relationship or interaction between two or among more than two elements or actors.
So power is always viewed in the background of relationship. In any pluralist society there are numerous groups and they all compete among themselves at various levels to capture political power or to influence the agencies who exercise their influence. Hence it is observed that power is not concentrated at any particular centre.
Again, all the centres of power do claim to have equal or almost equal amount of power. In other words, there is an unequal distribution of power like an unequal distribution of wealth.
Thirdly, in a class-society there are diverse interests and each power centre represents a particular interest. This point may further be explained. In any capitalist society there are several classes, both major and minor, and each class strives for the realisation of its own interests which are generally economic.
But there may be political interests. However, the conflicts among the classes sometimes lead to the other conflicts and this is the general characteristic of capitalist society. But the advocates of the capitalist system argue that this conflict does not create an atmosphere of class struggle.
There are processes of peaceful resolution of all conflicts.Power. Origins. Elements in the analysis of power. Problems of research.
BIBLIOGRAPHY. In approaching the study of politics through the analysis of power, one assumes, at a minimum, that relations of power are among the significant aspects of a political system. In order to make this definition more precise, the following attributes, proposed by the Fund for Peace, are often used to characterize a failed state: * loss of control of its territory, or of the monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force therein, * erosion of legitimate authority to make collective decisions, * an inability to provide.
Max Weber, a German sociologist and philosopher, in his essay, politics as a vocation, claims that the state is any "human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory" I think that, with the other answers, this essay and Webbers other works are worth looking into.
According to Weber’s definition of the state, the state is “a human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a . Democracy Essay words - 5 pages Democracy Expansion In a democracy, the government is the spokesperson for the people and the needs they would like to be met.
The government is a group of people in the state who have the ultimate authority to act on behalf of that state. Sep 04, · See Part I of my essay published by the new journal The New Polis: According to Erika Cudworth and John McGovern in The Modern State: Theories and Ideologies, in politics the state is defined as a political community living under a single system of government in the most basic terms.
Additionally, the state is a key.