Is this bombing a ceremonial reaffirmation of power? Is it about avenging the 11th September hijackings, the subsequent destruction and damage of the WTC and the Pentagon respectively and the death of thousands of innocent people? Is it about the display and exhibition of US armaments for international buyers?
This article contains two Essays on Terrorism for School, College as well as competitive examination. In earlier eras, terrorism was often religiously motivated. In the first century c. Contemporary terrorism is systematic, political, conveys a message, and generates fear.
Terrorism may be committed by a state or by individual groups, although some dispute the use of the term for governmental actions. In English the term terrorism derives from the French revolutionary reign of terror under Maximilien Robespierre, when thousands were sent to their deaths, often at the guillotine, in — After World War II nonstate groups often adopted terrorist tactics to achieve political goals.
Terrorism was usually the tactic of the weak and disaffected who lacked access to or possession of high technology and sophisticated weapons of war.
In the modern era, the media and instant communications provided terrorists with ready platforms to publicize their programs and grievances. Publicity on a global scale permitted terrorists to have a psychological impact far beyond single deeds, thereby greatly magnifying their effects.
In their struggles against imperial powers, Third World liberation movements sometimes adopted terrorist tactics by attacking civilians as well as colonial armed forces to achieve national independence. However, governments tended to apply the term terrorist only to those groups they disliked or opposed, and to ignore or downplay those groups or countries that used similar tactics against their own citizens or enemies.
During the s—70s leftist groups were responsible for numerous terrorist attacks in Europe. The communist Italian Red Brigades also kidnapped and killed leading establishment figures. In its struggle against the British, the nationalist Provisional irish republican army IRA planted bombs in shopping malls and killed Lord Louis mountbatten, first earl Mountbatten of Burma, and narrowly missed killing British prime minister margaret thatcher.
Similarly, the nationalist Basque party ETA attacked Spanish leaders and placed bombs at targets with heavy civilian use. In the Middle East small Palestinian Marxist-Leninist groups skyjacked civilian airliners in dramatic and well-publicized attacks that brought world attention to the Palestinian national cause.
The palestine liberation organization PLO also launched terrorist attacks against Israeli civilians as well as the military. Israel retaliated by killing Palestinian leaders in Beirut and in Europe. In Asia the nationalist tamil tigers in Sri Lanka attacked civilians, and the Japanese Red Army, a leftist paramilitary group, launched attacks in Europe and elsewhere.
In the group Aum Shinrikyo released the poison gas sarin in the Tokyo subway. Terrorism escalated throughout much of South America and Latin America in the s—80s.
During the s the Argentina military junta and right-wing death squads terrorized and killed opponents. The Pinochet regime was also implicated in the car bombing assassinations of a Chilean diplomat and Pinochet opponent, Orlando Letelier, and a U.
During the same period, the Shining Path terrorized villagers and political leaders in Peru, while narco-terrorism by criminal drug cartels killed judges, police, and others in Colombia.
Similarly, leftwing guerrilla forces and right-wing death squads killed thousands of civilians as well as religious and nongovernmental volunteers from the international community in El Salvador. The government in Guatemala used terrorism to repress its Amerindian population.
From the s onward a wide variety of political groups opposing the vietnam war and the conservative establishment or struggling for civil rights in the United States also adopted terrorist tactics. The Weathermen and other groups kidnapped high-profile individuals, bombed military and research installations, and sometimes killed law enforcement officers.Other suicide tactics involve using vehicles to create deadly accidents or run into buildings.
Suicide bombers in Afghanistan and Iraq have driven trucks with explosives into buildings to attack them: The 9/11 hijacker flew planes into . Afghanistan has been in war with the U. S. mainly because, The Taliban refuses to follow through with the commands that the U. S. gave them, as well as ‘The Three Phases’, Also the planned attack in , but mainly because the U.
S. wants the mineral resources that are found in Afghanistan. The attack on Parliament in India on December 13, or the attack on the Legislative Assembly in Jammu and Kashmir on October 1, or the attack on American Information Centre in Kolkata on January 22, were all handiworks of terrorists.
These attacks are intended to capture National and International attention. Apr 30, · “This latest attack on journalists in Afghanistan is a reminder of the extreme dangers to media workers in that country and of the extremely brutal tactics used there by enemies of the free.
The recent escalation in bomb blasts on important public places has markedly threatened the nations internal peace, harmony and socio-economic progress. With all the problems which are afflictingo Pakistan internally and externally, the opening of another . Bombing of Afghanistan is Illegal and Must be Stopped 53 can decide what action can be taken to maintain or restore international peace and sec~rity.'~ The Security Council has a series of options under the UN.