History[ edit ] Worldwide, the first law to regulate animal experimentation was Cruelty to Animals Actpassed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It established a central governing body that reviewed and approved all animal use in research. After that, numerous countries in Europe adopted regulations regarding research with animals.
The original intent of the Animal Welfare Act was to regulate the use and care of animals in a laboratory setting on a federal level.
However, the Animal Welfare Act is the only Federal act in the United States that standardizes the handling and treatment of animals in exhibition, transport, dealing, and research.
Other policies, guidelines, and laws can also include supplementary species inclusion or provisions for proper animal use and care, but all of these ultimately refer to the Animal Welfare Act as the minimal adequate standard for the treatment and care of animals.
The Animal Welfare Act has authority over animals in laboratories, animal exhibitors, dealers who sell animals to research laboratories, dog and cat breeders, animal carriers, intermediate handlers, circuses, zoos, puppy roadside menageries, mills, and transporters of animals.
However, there are many different exemptions to the Animal Welfare Act, including the care and treatment of animals in state and county fairs, retail pet stores, rodeos, livestock shows, purebred cat and dog shows and fairs or exhibitions that are intending to advance agricultural sciences and arts.
As enacted inthe Animal Welfare Act requires all animal dealers to be officially licensed and registered as well as liable to any monitoring done by Federal regulators. Facilities that are covered by the Animal Welfare Act are required to set up a specialized committee that has at least one individual who is trained as a veterinarian along with one who is not affiliated with the given facility.
These individuals are responsible for regularly assessing animal treatment, practices, and care during ongoing research and are also required to carefully examine the animal study areas at a minimum of twice a year. These committees are also required to guarantee that substitutes to animal use in research are employed whenever possible.
While hygienic living conditions are necessary for animals who are not participating in experimentation in order to prevent unintentional infection, there are such provisions for such against intentionally infecting an animal subject with a disease for the point of the research experiment. The Animal Welfare Act of was not the first or only law that was enacted for animals during this time.
There was also the Horse Protection Act which was passed in in order to protect horses against the physical practice of creating a physical appearance of the horse which was aesthetically appealing to human beings, such as soring the ankles for high-stepping gait.
Another act that had been passed was the Marine Mammal Protection act of which protected marine animals including seals, polar bears, whales, and porpoises, from extinction or depletion through indiscriminate harassment, hunting, killing, or capture. However, this rule permitted takings that were for research and subsistence purposes as long as they were done humanely and with the least amount of suffering and pain possible to the animal.
A third act that was passed for the sake of animal welfare was the Endangered Species Act ofwhich made it illegal to sell, buy, or transport species that were considered to be extinction through either foreign or interstate commerce. Meanwhile the act closely regulated commerce involving any species that were being threatened with extinction.
These various acts regarding animal safety and welfare showed the atmosphere and type of concern that allowed for the Animal Welfare to pass in the s.
The United States Congress had previously acted on many different occasions over the century to try to protect animals, both as a species and as individuals. The foundation for the Animal Welfare Act is very clear when looking at the events that occurred shortly before the Animal Welfare Act was enacted.
Because of increasing evidence showing that cats and dogs kept as pets were being stolen and taken across states lines by dealers and later and resold for scientific experimentation to research institutions, Congress readily enacted in the Laboratory Animal Welfare Act.
The point of the act was to discourage such abuses by demanding research facilities and dealers that cared for, treated, transported, or handled certain animals to follow set standards issued and developed by the United States Department of Agriculture.
The act was meant to protect dog and cat owners from having their pets taken or stolen for the sake of experimentation and to set up other humane standards for the care and treatment of specific animals by medical research facilities and animal sellers.
What is the Animal Welfare Act? The Animal Welfare Act was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson in and is the only federal law that regulates the treatment of animals in commercial and scientific endeavors.
There are many other laws delegated by states and local authorities that provide more protection, however, the Animal Welfare Act provides the minimum coverage allowed. The Animal Welfare Act requires that minimum standards of care and treatment be provided for certain animals bred for commercial sale and research.
It also applies to animals that are transported commercially, or exhibited to the public. Individuals who operate facilities in these categories must provide their animals with adequate care and treatment in the areas of housing, handling, sanitation, nutrition, water, veterinary care, and protection from extreme weather and temperatures.
What are the requirements of the Animal Welfare Act? The Animal Welfare Act only provides minimum protection to animals used in certain practices.The Animal Welfare Act (Laboratory Animal Welfare Act of , P.L.
) was signed into law by President Lyndon B.
Johnson on August 24, It is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research and exhibition. An examination of the federal animal welfare act October 3, by Leave a Comment Such as HIV and NORTH CAROLINA GENERAL an overview of the infamous cuban missile crisis STATUTES Chapter An analysis of soviet union The Animal Welfare Act is a federal statute that directs the Secretary of the United States Department of Agriculture to "promulgate standards to govern the humane handling, care, treatment, and transportation of animals by .
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The Animal Welfare Act was signed into law in It is the only Federal law in the United States that regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport, and by dealers.
Other laws, policies, and guidelines may include additional species coverage or specifications for animal care and use, but all refer to the Animal Welfare Act as the minimum acceptable standard. USDA Animal Care, a unit within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, administers the Animal Welfare Act (AWA).
This federal law establishes requirements concerning the transportation, sale, and handling of certain animals and includes restrictions on the importation of live dogs for purposes of resale, prohibitions on .